High School Security Council (Module 04)
Other Models for UN Security Council Reform
The Schwartzberg Model is just one of the many that we see for UN Security Council Reform. In this lesson, we will look at a few others that fall into two main reform categories:
- Expansion of Membership (Permanent or Non-permanent)
- Elimination of or Restraint in Use of the Veto
Expansion of Membership
- Elect the Council:
Total 26 or 27 SC members: 16 members for 3 non-renewable years; 8 members for 3 renewable years; 2-3 global powers and/or coalitions chosen based on population, economy and
- Popovski 8-8-8 Plan:
Total 24 SC members: 8 permanent members (European Union, African Union, Brazil, China, India, Japan, Russia, US); 8 members for renewable 8 years; 8 members for non-renewable 2 years.
Elimination of or Restraint in Use of the Veto
- The Accountability, Coherence and Transparency Group (ACT):
Advocates for the voluntary suspension of the use of the veto in cases of atrocity crimes (genocide, war crimes or crimes against humanity).
- The Elders:
proposes that the casting of a veto by P-5 members would necessitate a public statement suggesting an alternative.
- What are the differences between these models and the Schwartzberg model?
- Why do you think UN Security Council reform has yet to be accomplished?
- Global Policy Forum: Background on Security Council Reform:
- There are many different models for restructuring the Security Council; a few of them, including the Schwartzberg Model, are summarized here the A Few UN Security Council Reform Proposals document from the World Federalist Movement.
- There are also several proposals that advocate for Security Council veto restraint – most well-known are: