Security Council (Module 01)
Strengths & Weaknesses of the United Nations
The UN was created to assist in increasing worldwide cooperation and peace. As world power has changed and the range of problems has increased since its founding in 1945, the UN system has failed to adapt. This has left the UN without the political, financial (related to managing money) or resources needed to do enough to deal with the issues we now face.
Strengths of the un
- The UN is an international organization and affects more countries and people than do other large organizations.
- It brings member states together to accomplish world peace, development and respect for human rights.
- Many (but not all) member states are sensitive to UN opinion about their actions, so UN attention to an issue can lead to a positive result.
WEAKNESSES OF THE UN
- The UN is only as effective as its member states allow. Current decision-making powers — especially that given to the five nations (China, France, Russia, United States, and United Kingdom) with permanent status and veto power in the Security Council — affects fairness, truth, and lawfulness.
- The UN system suffers from democratic processes.
- Many UN bodies did not live up to expectations.
- What is one issue we currently face in the world today and what is one change you would bring to the United Nations to solve this issue?
- Member States
- The United Nations member states are the 193 sovereign countries that are members of the United Nations (UN) and have equal representation in the UN General Assembly.
- A document that is written to do or enact something that is formal expression of opinion or plan agreed on by a law-based body, (group that decides or promotes something) or other formal meeting, usually after taking a vote (think of the purpose of doing New Year’s Resolutions).
- Veto Power
- Ability to block a law or resolution from being enacted.
- The power of a government to control its borders, laws and citizens.
- Human Rights
- Human rights are rights given to all human beings, without any concern with race, sex, state of belonging to a certain country, family and cultural characteristics, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and freedom, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without unfair treatment based on skin color, age, etc..
- a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
- There are several types of sanctions.
Military sanctions – military intervention
Sport sanctions – preventing one country’s people and teams from competing in international events.
- Ethnic Cleansing
- The mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted ethnic or religious group in society.